Key numbers ? July 2020

6.6 million Number of job openings at the end of July
2.3 Job seekers ratio ? The number of unemployed persons per job opening
8.3 million Excess unemployed ? The number of unemployed persons in excess of the number job openings
9.6 million Jobs deficit ? The difference between the total number of hires and the total number of separations since February

July

A huge jobs deficit remains, by any measureCongress must provide more relief

Next update: October 2020

By Elise Gould ? September 9, 2020

Last week, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that, as of the middle of August, the economy was still 11.5 million jobs below where it was in February. Today’s BLS Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) reports that the labor market was down 9.6 million jobs at the end of July. While there have been some improvements in hiring over the last couple of months, no matter how it is measured, the U.S. economy is still facing a huge job shortfall.

One of the most striking indicators from today’s report is the job seekers ratio, that is, the ratio of unemployed workers (averaged for mid-July and mid-August) to job openings (at the end of July). On average, there were 14.9 million unemployed workers while there were only 6.6 million job openings. This translates into a job seekers ratio of 2.3 to every job opening. Another way to think about this: for every 23 workers who were officially counted as unemployed, there were only available jobs for 10 of them. That means, no matter what they did, there were no jobs for 8.3 million unemployed workers. And this misses the fact that many more weren’t counted among the unemployed. Further, this morning’s JOLTS data show hiring has slowed dramatically and is now slightly below pre-virus levels. This is particularly concerning given the enormous remaining jobs deficit. Without congressional action to stimulate the economy, we are facing a slow, painful recovery.

While many families face eviction and hunger, it is essential that Congress provide relief to all of those unemployed workers who have no hope for employment and are desperately trying to make ends meet. Without it, the labor market will recovery more slowly. The extra $600 that Senate Republicans failed to renew was not only providing relief to workers and their families, but was supporting a huge amount of spending, which spurs growth in demand for goods and services, thereby spurring job growth. Therefore, this drop in benefits will make it far harder in coming months to claw back the jobs lost during the pandemic. Now is the time for Congress to reinstate those benefits that support jobs and provide much needed fiscal relief to state and local governments so they can continue to provide necessary services and prevent unnecessary cuts to their budgets as their revenue falls in the face of the historically large shutdown in economic activity.

Quick reminders about the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS):

Hires, quits, and layoff rates, 2000–2020

Date Hires Quits Layoffs
Dec-2000 4.1 2.2 1.5
Jan-2001 4.3 2.5 1.7
Feb-2001 4 2.3 1.4
Mar-2001 4.2 2.3 1.6
Apr-2001 3.9 2.4 1.4
May-2001 4.1 2.3 1.5
Jun-2001 3.9 2.2 1.5
Jul-2001 4 2.2 1.6
Aug-2001 4 2.2 1.5
Sep-2001 3.8 2.1 1.6
Oct-2001 3.9 2.1 1.8
Nov-2001 3.7 1.9 1.7
Dec-2001 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jan-2002 3.7 2.2 1.5
Feb-2002 3.7 2 1.5
Mar-2002 3.6 1.9 1.4
Apr-2002 3.8 2 1.5
May-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jun-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jul-2002 3.8 2 1.6
Aug-2002 3.7 2 1.5
Sep-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Oct-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Nov-2002 3.7 1.8 1.5
Dec-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jan-2003 3.9 1.9 1.6
Feb-2003 3.6 1.9 1.5
Mar-2003 3.4 1.8 1.5
Apr-2003 3.5 1.8 1.5
May-2003 3.6 1.8 1.6
Jun-2003 3.6 1.8 1.6
Jul-2003 3.6 1.8 1.6
Aug-2003 3.6 1.7 1.7
Sep-2003 3.7 1.8 1.5
Oct-2003 3.8 1.9 1.5
Nov-2003 3.7 1.8 1.5
Dec-2003 3.8 1.9 1.5
Jan-2004 3.7 1.8 1.6
Feb-2004 3.7 1.9 1.5
Mar-2004 4 2 1.6
Apr-2004 3.9 1.9 1.5
May-2004 3.8 1.8 1.5
Jun-2004 3.8 2 1.4
Jul-2004 3.7 2 1.4
Aug-2004 3.8 2 1.5
Sep-2004 3.8 1.9 1.5
Oct-2004 3.9 1.9 1.4
Nov-2004 3.9 2.1 1.5
Dec-2004 3.9 2 1.5
Jan-2005 3.9 2.1 1.5
Feb-2005 4 2 1.5
Mar-2005 4 2.1 1.6
Apr-2005 4 2.1 1.5
May-2005 3.9 2.1 1.5
Jun-2005 4 2.1 1.5
Jul-2005 4 2 1.4
Aug-2005 4 2.2 1.4
Sep-2005 4.1 2.3 1.5
Oct-2005 3.8 2.1 1.4
Nov-2005 4 2.1 1.3
Dec-2005 3.9 2.1 1.4
Jan-2006 3.9 2.2 1.3
Feb-2006 4 2.2 1.4
Mar-2006 4.1 2.2 1.4
Apr-2006 3.8 2 1.4
May-2006 4 2.2 1.5
Jun-2006 4 2.2 1.3
Jul-2006 4.1 2.2 1.4
Aug-2006 3.9 2.2 1.3
Sep-2006 3.9 2.1 1.3
Oct-2006 3.9 2.2 1.4
Nov-2006 4 2.2 1.4
Dec-2006 3.8 2.2 1.3
Jan-2007 3.9 2.2 1.4
Feb-2007 3.8 2.1 1.3
Mar-2007 4 2.2 1.4
Apr-2007 3.9 2.1 1.5
May-2007 4 2.2 1.4
Jun-2007 3.8 2.1 1.3
Jul-2007 3.8 2.1 1.4
Aug-2007 3.9 2.2 1.5
Sep-2007 3.9 2 1.6
Oct-2007 3.9 2.1 1.5
Nov-2007 3.7 2 1.4
Dec-2007 3.7 2 1.4
Jan-2008 3.7 2.1 1.5
Feb-2008 3.7 2.1 1.4
Mar-2008 3.6 1.9 1.4
Apr-2008 3.6 2.1 1.4
May-2008 3.4 1.9 1.4
Jun-2008 3.6 1.9 1.6
Jul-2008 3.4 1.8 1.5
Aug-2008 3.4 1.8 1.6
Sep-2008 3.3 1.8 1.5
Oct-2008 3.3 1.7 1.7
Nov-2008 3 1.6 1.7
Dec-2008 3.2 1.5 1.9
Jan-2009 3.1 1.5 1.9
Feb-2009 3 1.5 1.9
Mar-2009 2.9 1.4 1.9
Apr-2009 2.9 1.3 2
May-2009 2.9 1.3 1.7
Jun-2009 2.8 1.3 1.7
Jul-2009 3 1.3 1.7
Aug-2009 2.9 1.2 1.6
Sep-2009 3 1.3 1.7
Oct-2009 3 1.3 1.6
Nov-2009 3.1 1.4 1.5
Dec-2009 3.1 1.4 1.6
Jan-2010 3 1.3 1.5
Feb-2010 3 1.4 1.4
Mar-2010 3.3 1.4 1.5
Apr-2010 3.2 1.5 1.3
May-2010 3.4 1.4 1.3
Jun-2010 3.1 1.5 1.6
Jul-2010 3.2 1.4 1.7
Aug-2010 3.1 1.4 1.4
Sep-2010 3.1 1.5 1.4
Oct-2010 3.2 1.4 1.3
Nov-2010 3.2 1.4 1.4
Dec-2010 3.3 1.5 1.4
Jan-2011 3.1 1.4 1.4
Feb-2011 3.2 1.5 1.3
Mar-2011 3.4 1.5 1.4
Apr-2011 3.3 1.4 1.4
May-2011 3.2 1.5 1.4
Jun-2011 3.3 1.5 1.5
Jul-2011 3.2 1.5 1.4
Aug-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Sep-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Oct-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Nov-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Dec-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Jan-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Feb-2012 3.4 1.6 1.4
Mar-2012 3.4 1.6 1.3
Apr-2012 3.3 1.6 1.4
May-2012 3.4 1.6 1.5
Jun-2012 3.3 1.6 1.4
Jul-2012 3.2 1.5 1.3
Aug-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Sep-2012 3.2 1.5 1.3
Oct-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Nov-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Dec-2012 3.3 1.5 1.3
Jan-2013 3.3 1.7 1.2
Feb-2013 3.4 1.7 1.2
Mar-2013 3.2 1.6 1.3
Apr-2013 3.4 1.7 1.3
May-2013 3.4 1.6 1.3
Jun-2013 3.3 1.6 1.3
Jul-2013 3.3 1.7 1.3
Aug-2013 3.5 1.7 1.3
Sep-2013 3.5 1.7 1.4
Oct-2013 3.3 1.7 1.2
Nov-2013 3.4 1.7 1.2
Dec-2013 3.4 1.7 1.3
Jan-2014 3.4 1.7 1.3
Feb-2014 3.4 1.7 1.3
Mar-2014 3.5 1.8 1.2
Apr-2014 3.5 1.8 1.3
May-2014 3.5 1.8 1.2
Jun-2014 3.5 1.8 1.3
Jul-2014 3.6 1.9 1.3
Aug-2014 3.5 1.8 1.2
Sep-2014 3.7 2 1.2
Oct-2014 3.7 1.9 1.3
Nov-2014 3.6 1.8 1.2
Dec-2014 3.7 1.8 1.3
Jan-2015 3.6 2 1.3
Feb-2015 3.6 1.9 1.2
Mar-2015 3.6 2 1.4
Apr-2015 3.7 1.9 1.3
May-2015 3.6 1.9 1.2
Jun-2015 3.6 1.9 1.3
Jul-2015 3.6 1.9 1.2
Aug-2015 3.6 2 1.2
Sep-2015 3.7 2 1.4
Oct-2015 3.7 2 1.3
Nov-2015 3.8 2 1.2
Dec-2015 3.9 2.1 1.3
Jan-2016 3.6 2 1.3
Feb-2016 3.9 2.1 1.3
Mar-2016 3.7 2 1.3
Apr-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
May-2016 3.6 2.1 1.2
Jun-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
Jul-2016 3.8 2.1 1.2
Aug-2016 3.7 2.1 1.3
Sep-2016 3.6 2.1 1.1
Oct-2016 3.6 2.1 1.1
Nov-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
Dec-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
Jan-2017 3.8 2.2 1.2
Feb-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Mar-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Apr-2017 3.6 2.1 1.2
May-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Jun-2017 3.9 2.2 1.3
Jul-2017 3.7 2.1 1.3
Aug-2017 3.8 2.1 1.3
Sep-2017 3.7 2.2 1.2
Oct-2017 3.8 2.2 1.2
Nov-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Dec-2017 3.7 2.2 1.2
Jan-2018 3.7 2.1 1.3
Feb-2018 3.8 2.1 1.2
Mar-2018 3.8 2.2 1.2
Apr-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
May-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Jun-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Jul-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
Aug-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Sep-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
Oct-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Nov-2018 3.9 2.3 1.3
Dec-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
Jan-2019 3.9 2.4 1.2
Feb-2019 3.8 2.4 1.2
Mar-2019 3.8 2.3 1.1
Apr-2019 4 2.3 1.3
May-2019 3.8 2.3 1.2
Jun-2019 3.8 2.3 1.2
Jul-2019 4 2.4 1.2
Aug-2019 3.9 2.3 1.2
Sep-2019 3.9 2.3 1.3
Oct-2019 3.8 2.3 1.2
Nov-2019 3.9 2.3 1.2
Dec-2019 3.9 2.3 1.2
Jan-2020 3.9 2.3 1.1
Feb-2020 3.8 2.3 1.2
Mar-2020 3.4 1.8 7.6
Apr-2020 3.1 1.4 5.9
May-2020 5.4 1.6 1.4
Jun-2020 5.1 1.9 1.4
Jul-2020 4.1 2.1 1.2

 

ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions. The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. The layoff rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment. The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

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Total hires, layoffs, and quits, 2000-2020

Date Hires Quits Layoffs
Dec-2000 5426 2868 2035
Jan-2001 5722 3261 2220
Feb-2001 5303 3040 1838
Mar-2001 5528 3041 2126
Apr-2001 5204 3172 1880
May-2001 5410 2991 2041
Jun-2001 5109 2886 2004
Jul-2001 5244 2969 2060
Aug-2001 5223 2933 2004
Sep-2001 4954 2704 2101
Oct-2001 5078 2798 2327
Nov-2001 4914 2544 2260
Dec-2001 4829 2553 1931
Jan-2002 4855 2857 1908
Feb-2002 4801 2558 1964
Mar-2002 4706 2479 1870
Apr-2002 4928 2633 1956
May-2002 4857 2536 1977
Jun-2002 4869 2529 2003
Jul-2002 4946 2579 2120
Aug-2002 4871 2567 1915
Sep-2002 4879 2522 2016
Oct-2002 4798 2426 1940
Nov-2002 4792 2388 1950
Dec-2002 4893 2490 2014
Jan-2003 5058 2436 2113
Feb-2003 4714 2473 2006
Mar-2003 4470 2382 1939
Apr-2003 4600 2289 1999
May-2003 4678 2290 2078
Jun-2003 4682 2322 2065
Jul-2003 4639 2283 2078
Aug-2003 4666 2201 2154
Sep-2003 4799 2357 1927
Oct-2003 4902 2421 1975
Nov-2003 4767 2395 1954
Dec-2003 4984 2436 2012
Jan-2004 4900 2360 2044
Feb-2004 4788 2437 1972
Mar-2004 5227 2573 2052
Apr-2004 5152 2541 2013
May-2004 4976 2427 1917
Jun-2004 5009 2667 1877
Jul-2004 4891 2631 1895
Aug-2004 5013 2591 1964
Sep-2004 5062 2535 2024
Oct-2004 5149 2558 1911
Nov-2004 5181 2776 2042
Dec-2004 5153 2687 1953
Jan-2005 5201 2740 2017
Feb-2005 5276 2642 2059
Mar-2005 5273 2738 2179
Apr-2005 5362 2747 1961
May-2005 5271 2763 2020
Jun-2005 5376 2759 2007
Jul-2005 5328 2744 1905
Aug-2005 5409 2963 1900
Sep-2005 5493 3051 2031
Oct-2005 5124 2869 1881
Nov-2005 5344 2881 1773
Dec-2005 5294 2841 1926
Jan-2006 5271 2949 1796
Feb-2006 5474 2948 1875
Mar-2006 5524 2948 1877
Apr-2006 5215 2783 1856
May-2006 5498 3003 1988
Jun-2006 5455 3046 1807
Jul-2006 5573 3059 1865
Aug-2006 5373 3062 1771
Sep-2006 5288 2895 1828
Oct-2006 5375 2992 1905
Nov-2006 5495 3025 1928
Dec-2006 5214 2987 1775
Jan-2007 5426 2959 1936
Feb-2007 5160 2921 1845
Mar-2007 5479 2985 1872
Apr-2007 5353 2913 2002
May-2007 5469 3012 1963
Jun-2007 5267 2912 1836
Jul-2007 5217 2958 1904
Aug-2007 5358 3023 2029
Sep-2007 5344 2698 2186
Oct-2007 5398 2933 2005
Nov-2007 5176 2774 1967
Dec-2007 5119 2763 1923
Jan-2008 5071 2851 2010
Feb-2008 5077 2866 1990
Mar-2008 4924 2652 1906
Apr-2008 4948 2840 1957
May-2008 4691 2609 1948
Jun-2008 4893 2597 2153
Jul-2008 4637 2495 2076
Aug-2008 4682 2452 2185
Sep-2008 4499 2477 2087
Oct-2008 4548 2352 2253
Nov-2008 4104 2148 2289
Dec-2008 4348 2081 2497
Jan-2009 4095 1978 2614
Feb-2009 4061 1945 2590
Mar-2009 3858 1829 2560
Apr-2009 3888 1713 2651
May-2009 3758 1684 2228
Jun-2009 3639 1686 2242
Jul-2009 3857 1689 2274
Aug-2009 3810 1561 2113
Sep-2009 3944 1631 2195
Oct-2009 3838 1663 2028
Nov-2009 4024 1803 1911
Dec-2009 4004 1758 2045
Jan-2010 3904 1744 1902
Feb-2010 3864 1834 1817
Mar-2010 4302 1853 1916
Apr-2010 4159 1898 1744
May-2010 4420 1814 1761
Jun-2010 4111 1911 2061
Jul-2010 4163 1789 2173
Aug-2010 4046 1852 1886
Sep-2010 4034 1901 1834
Oct-2010 4173 1848 1746
Nov-2010 4182 1881 1848
Dec-2010 4299 1968 1865
Jan-2011 4000 1833 1846
Feb-2011 4231 1952 1748
Mar-2011 4430 2028 1787
Apr-2011 4296 1883 1787
May-2011 4261 1966 1903
Jun-2011 4366 1923 1926
Jul-2011 4261 1990 1850
Aug-2011 4298 2043 1842
Sep-2011 4429 2045 1875
Oct-2011 4370 2000 1796
Nov-2011 4365 2031 1911
Dec-2011 4356 1975 1811
Jan-2012 4457 2032 1817
Feb-2012 4560 2123 1896
Mar-2012 4575 2163 1775
Apr-2012 4389 2136 1868
May-2012 4533 2140 1968
Jun-2012 4440 2151 1883
Jul-2012 4327 2075 1729
Aug-2012 4450 2080 1889
Sep-2012 4302 1957 1808
Oct-2012 4389 2037 1897
Nov-2012 4489 2070 1920
Dec-2012 4452 2045 1708
Jan-2013 4487 2281 1690
Feb-2013 4571 2281 1655
Mar-2013 4369 2118 1780
Apr-2013 4572 2297 1786
May-2013 4663 2237 1833
Jun-2013 4440 2203 1755
Jul-2013 4561 2367 1731
Aug-2013 4730 2331 1814
Sep-2013 4726 2307 1892
Oct-2013 4518 2374 1681
Nov-2013 4622 2384 1630
Dec-2013 4614 2281 1774
Jan-2014 4626 2312 1815
Feb-2014 4696 2401 1758
Mar-2014 4763 2441 1697
Apr-2014 4880 2476 1752
May-2014 4808 2486 1706
Jun-2014 4925 2506 1753
Jul-2014 5008 2637 1801
Aug-2014 4810 2564 1698
Sep-2014 5149 2737 1716
Oct-2014 5111 2721 1844
Nov-2014 4978 2588 1727
Dec-2014 5192 2543 1860
Jan-2015 5061 2766 1800
Feb-2015 5127 2731 1746
Mar-2015 5126 2748 1960
Apr-2015 5196 2706 1848
May-2015 5142 2746 1708
Jun-2015 5125 2756 1813
Jul-2015 5150 2768 1721
Aug-2015 5163 2888 1773
Sep-2015 5287 2783 1963
Oct-2015 5338 2814 1852
Nov-2015 5358 2891 1779
Dec-2015 5540 3043 1804
Jan-2016 5204 2893 1831
Feb-2016 5559 2997 1926
Mar-2016 5362 2900 1877
Apr-2016 5277 2954 1774
May-2016 5206 3010 1792
Jun-2016 5277 2988 1733
Jul-2016 5419 2976 1786
Aug-2016 5301 3007 1827
Sep-2016 5283 3044 1596
Oct-2016 5234 3078 1636
Nov-2016 5316 3017 1767
Dec-2016 5380 2986 1718
Jan-2017 5517 3176 1765
Feb-2017 5366 3081 1698
Mar-2017 5395 3134 1749
Apr-2017 5265 3034 1704
May-2017 5454 3126 1796
Jun-2017 5642 3157 1958
Jul-2017 5502 3118 1900
Aug-2017 5528 3134 1866
Sep-2017 5401 3212 1807
Oct-2017 5635 3193 1819
Nov-2017 5473 3157 1732
Dec-2017 5426 3222 1736
Jan-2018 5511 3034 1957
Feb-2018 5669 3175 1781
Mar-2018 5629 3301 1794
Apr-2018 5587 3373 1729
May-2018 5819 3405 1776
Jun-2018 5783 3389 1807
Jul-2018 5691 3443 1791
Aug-2018 5792 3446 1796
Sep-2018 5610 3400 1780
Oct-2018 5855 3485 1830
Nov-2018 5818 3460 1910
Dec-2018 5762 3415 1832
Jan-2019 5834 3530 1734
Feb-2019 5703 3541 1791
Mar-2019 5689 3525 1698
Apr-2019 6000 3492 1950
May-2019 5687 3486 1764
Jun-2019 5760 3481 1763
Jul-2019 5975 3612 1812
Aug-2019 5839 3544 1792
Sep-2019 5959 3429 1962
Oct-2019 5757 3442 1778
Nov-2019 5857 3528 1769
Dec-2019 5927 3528 1893
Jan-2020 5921 3575 1749
Feb-2020 5864 3436 1846
Mar-2020 5111 2789 11489
Apr-2020 4047 1877 7708
May-2020 7199 2067 1903
Jun-2020 6970 2605 1995
Jul-2020 5787 2949 1721

 

ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website.

The job-seekers ratio, 2000–2020

Unemployed job seekers per job opening
Dec-2000 1.20
Jan-2001 1.13
Feb-2001 1.22
Mar-2001 1.32
Apr-2001 1.31
May-2001 1.41
Jun-2001 1.49
Jul-2001 1.49
Aug-2001 1.75
Sep-2001 1.83
Oct-2001 2.10
Nov-2001 2.23
Dec-2001 2.33
Jan-2002 2.17
Feb-2002 2.45
Mar-2002 2.37
Apr-2002 2.38
May-2002 2.39
Jun-2002 2.46
Jul-2002 2.41
Aug-2002 2.34
Sep-2002 2.52
Oct-2002 2.40
Nov-2002 2.52
Dec-2002 2.82
Jan-2003 2.45
Feb-2003 2.71
Mar-2003 2.84
Apr-2003 2.77
May-2003 2.73
Jun-2003 2.69
Jul-2003 2.91
Aug-2003 2.78
Sep-2003 2.86
Oct-2003 2.60
Nov-2003 2.62
Dec-2003 2.54
Jan-2004 2.39
Feb-2004 2.39
Mar-2004 2.39
Apr-2004 2.27
May-2004 2.20
Jun-2004 2.45
Jul-2004 2.07
Aug-2004 2.24
Sep-2004 2.09
Oct-2004 2.01
Nov-2004 2.36
Dec-2004 2.00
Jan-2005 2.06
Feb-2005 2.01
Mar-2005 1.92
Apr-2005 1.79
May-2005 1.97
Jun-2005 1.83
Jul-2005 1.70
Aug-2005 1.79
Sep-2005 1.71
Oct-2005 1.78
Nov-2005 1.80
Dec-2005 1.73
Jan-2006 1.62
Feb-2006 1.67
Mar-2006 1.51
Apr-2006 1.43
May-2006 1.55
Jun-2006 1.53
Jul-2006 1.60
Aug-2006 1.47
Sep-2006 1.42
Oct-2006 1.46
Nov-2006 1.50
Dec-2006 1.55
Jan-2007 1.48
Feb-2007 1.48
Mar-2007 1.38
Apr-2007 1.41
May-2007 1.46
Jun-2007 1.45
Jul-2007 1.52
Aug-2007 1.55
Sep-2007 1.54
Oct-2007 1.55
Nov-2007 1.64
Dec-2007 1.74
Jan-2008 1.65
Feb-2008 1.81
Mar-2008 1.84
Apr-2008 1.94
May-2008 2.00
Jun-2008 2.27
Jul-2008 2.42
Aug-2008 2.55
Sep-2008 3.02
Oct-2008 3.03
Nov-2008 3.46
Dec-2008 3.82
Jan-2009 4.57
Feb-2009 4.64
Mar-2009 5.41
Apr-2009 6.05
May-2009 5.67
Jun-2009 5.82
Jul-2009 6.50
Aug-2009 6.31
Sep-2009 6.12
Oct-2009 6.31
Nov-2009 6.23
Dec-2009 6.06
Jan-2010 5.32
Feb-2010 5.72
Mar-2010 5.70
Apr-2010 4.69
May-2010 4.86
Jun-2010 5.15
Jul-2010 4.66
Aug-2010 4.83
Sep-2010 5.00
Oct-2010 4.54
Nov-2010 4.70
Dec-2010 4.78
Jan-2011 4.49
Feb-2011 4.29
Mar-2011 4.26
Apr-2011 4.17
May-2011 4.34
Jun-2011 4.00
Jul-2011 3.75
Aug-2011 4.13
Sep-2011 3.66
Oct-2011 3.68
Nov-2011 3.79
Dec-2011 3.53
Jan-2012 3.28
Feb-2012 3.54
Mar-2012 3.19
Apr-2012 3.26
May-2012 3.28
Jun-2012 3.24
Jul-2012 3.31
Aug-2012 3.20
Sep-2012 3.14
Oct-2012 3.17
Nov-2012 3.21
Dec-2012 3.23
Jan-2013 3.12
Feb-2013 2.97
Mar-2013 2.87
Apr-2013 2.87
May-2013 2.80
Jun-2013 2.77
Jul-2013 2.87
Aug-2013 2.74
Sep-2013 2.73
Oct-2013 2.57
Nov-2013 2.65
Dec-2013 2.58
Jan-2014 2.49
Feb-2014 2.38
Mar-2014 2.29
Apr-2014 2.10
May-2014 2.02
Jun-2014 1.91
Jul-2014 1.95
Aug-2014 1.75
Sep-2014 1.87
Oct-2014 1.78
Nov-2014 1.89
Dec-2014 1.77
Jan-2015 1.63
Feb-2015 1.57
Mar-2015 1.64
Apr-2015 1.52
May-2015 1.53
Jun-2015 1.56
Jul-2015 1.32
Aug-2015 1.44
Sep-2015 1.45
Oct-2015 1.37
Nov-2015 1.43
Dec-2015 1.38
Jan-2016 1.29
Feb-2016 1.36
Mar-2016 1.30
Apr-2016 1.33
May-2016 1.33
Jun-2016 1.34
Jul-2016 1.27
Aug-2016 1.38
Sep-2016 1.36
Oct-2016 1.36
Nov-2016 1.28
Dec-2016 1.29
Jan-2017 1.33
Feb-2017 1.23
Mar-2017 1.22
Apr-2017 1.15
May-2017 1.20
Jun-2017 1.09
Jul-2017 1.10
Aug-2017 1.10
Sep-2017 1.08
Oct-2017 1.04
Nov-2017 1.07
Dec-2017 1.05
Jan-2018 0.99
Feb-2018 1.00
Mar-2018 0.94
Apr-2018 0.90
May-2018 0.91
Jun-2018 0.87
Jul-2018 0.84
Aug-2018 0.84
Sep-2018 0.84
Oct-2018 0.84
Nov-2018 0.82
Dec-2018 0.88
Jan-2019 0.84
Feb-2019 0.88
Mar-2019 0.82
Apr-2019 0.81
May-2019 0.82
Jun-2019 0.84
Jul-2019 0.83
Aug-2019 0.82
Sep-2019 0.82
Oct-2019 0.80
Nov-2019 0.85
Dec-2019 0.89
Jan-2020 0.83
Feb-2020 0.92
Mar-2020 2.51
Apr-2020 4.41
May-2020 3.61
Jun-2020 2.84
Jul-2020 2.26
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions.?Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month in the Current Population Survey to better line up with the job openings data from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Population Survey

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Job openings levels and unemployment levels, 2000–2020

Job Openings level Unemployment level
Dec-2000 4868 5828.5
Jan-2001 5362 6056
Feb-2001 5008 6115
Mar-2001 4698 6206
Apr-2001 4752 6248.5
May-2001 4503 6355
Jun-2001 4378 6533.5
Jul-2001 4578 6812.5
Aug-2001 4042 7092
Sep-2001 4045 7418
Oct-2001 3729 7848.5
Nov-2001 3649 8130.5
Dec-2001 3523 8220
Jan-2002 3782 8198.5
Feb-2002 3377 8259.5
Mar-2002 3573 8451.5
Apr-2002 3576 8499
May-2002 3508 8396
Jun-2002 3415 8391.5
Jul-2002 3461 8347
Aug-2002 3531 8277.5
Sep-2002 3290 8279
Oct-2002 3502 8413.5
Nov-2002 3405 8580
Dec-2002 3039 8580
Jan-2003 3500 8569
Feb-2003 3178 8603
Mar-2003 3064 8715
Apr-2003 3208 8899.5
May-2003 3336 9111.5
Jun-2003 3398 9138.5
Jul-2003 3073 8953.5
Aug-2003 3204 8908.5
Sep-2003 3082 8826.5
Oct-2003 3330 8654
Nov-2003 3218 8446.5
Dec-2003 3281 8343.5
Jan-2004 3462 8268.5
Feb-2004 3478 8329
Mar-2004 3492 8330.5
Apr-2004 3615 8191
May-2004 3758 8249
Jun-2004 3345 8211
Jul-2004 3900 8063
Aug-2004 3556 7958.5
Sep-2004 3829 7994
Oct-2004 3970 7996.5
Nov-2004 3360 7933
Dec-2004 3935 7859
Jan-2005 3827 7882
Feb-2005 3901 7858.5
Mar-2005 4019 7704.5
Apr-2005 4272 7661.5
May-2005 3842 7587.5
Jun-2005 4072 7465
Jul-2005 4337 7375.5
Aug-2005 4160 7449
Sep-2005 4376 7503
Oct-2005 4218 7509.5
Nov-2005 4118 7422.5
Dec-2005 4146 7171.5
Jan-2006 4404 7124
Feb-2006 4260 7128
Mar-2006 4706 7096
Apr-2006 4915 7050
May-2006 4505 6990.5
Jun-2006 4625 7088
Jul-2006 4467 7133
Aug-2006 4739 6969
Sep-2006 4778 6787
Oct-2006 4643 6799.5
Nov-2006 4530 6817
Dec-2006 4469 6939
Jan-2007 4750 7021.5
Feb-2007 4618 6829
Mar-2007 4926 6790.5
Apr-2007 4820 6808
May-2007 4699 6872.5
Jun-2007 4882 7064
Jul-2007 4668 7108
Aug-2007 4586 7118.5
Sep-2007 4682 7203.5
Oct-2007 4676 7238.5
Nov-2007 4537 7442.5
Dec-2007 4400 7665
Jan-2008 4604 7591
Feb-2008 4233 7659.5
Mar-2008 4205 7729.5
Apr-2008 4124 8016
May-2008 4237 8485
Jun-2008 3849 8756
Jul-2008 3800 9187.5
Aug-2008 3709 9466
Sep-2008 3240 9784
Oct-2008 3403 10306
Nov-2008 3158 10912
Dec-2008 3059 11672
Jan-2009 2731 12478
Feb-2009 2838 13162
Mar-2009 2521 13639.5
Apr-2009 2343 14176
May-2009 2574 14603
Jun-2009 2517 14654
Jul-2009 2264 14707.5
Aug-2009 2365 14911.5
Sep-2009 2481 15180.5
Oct-2009 2422 15285.5
Nov-2009 2435 15158.5
Dec-2009 2487 15072
Jan-2010 2833 15079.5
Feb-2010 2651 15157.5
Mar-2010 2679 15263.5
Apr-2010 3217 15087
May-2010 3019 14661.5
Jun-2010 2813 14493
Jul-2010 3127 14580
Aug-2010 3025 14613.5
Sep-2010 2912 14547.5
Oct-2010 3256 14798.5
Nov-2010 3134 14714.5
Dec-2010 2969 14180.5
Jan-2011 3100 13916.5
Feb-2011 3213 13778.5
Mar-2011 3253 13847
Apr-2011 3337 13906
May-2011 3207 13908.5
Jun-2011 3467 13862.5
Jul-2011 3676 13790.5
Aug-2011 3358 13883
Sep-2011 3763 13771
Oct-2011 3650 13448
Nov-2011 3485 13197.5
Dec-2011 3662 12945
Jan-2012 3904 12805
Feb-2012 3605 12763
Mar-2012 3976 12679.5
Apr-2012 3878 12653
May-2012 3861 12676
Jun-2012 3916 12674
Jul-2012 3790 12563.5
Aug-2012 3839 12293
Sep-2012 3861 12119.5
Oct-2012 3808 12064.5
Nov-2012 3787 12151.5
Dec-2012 3840 12384.5
Jan-2013 3915 12210.5
Feb-2013 3981 11819.5
Mar-2013 4080 11724.5
Apr-2013 4078 11707
May-2013 4173 11702.5
Jun-2013 4166 11543
Jul-2013 3946 11307
Aug-2013 4112 11274.5
Sep-2013 4105 11203
Oct-2013 4268 10961.5
Nov-2013 4002 10595.5
Dec-2013 3996 10303
Jan-2014 4131 10275.5
Feb-2014 4347 10364.5
Mar-2014 4388 10041
Apr-2014 4662 9780.5
May-2014 4775 9659.5
Jun-2014 4999 9534
Jul-2014 4919 9603.5
Aug-2014 5383 9430.5
Sep-2014 4876 9126
Oct-2014 5066 9040
Nov-2014 4719 8903.5
Dec-2014 4981 8801
Jan-2015 5362 8742
Feb-2015 5446 8557
Mar-2015 5208 8532.5
Apr-2015 5712 8692
May-2015 5599 8540.5
Jun-2015 5263 8207
Jul-2015 6143 8079.5
Aug-2015 5510 7949.5
Sep-2015 5445 7914.5
Oct-2015 5832 7961
Nov-2015 5573 7953.5
Dec-2015 5676 7814
Jan-2016 5994 7733.5
Feb-2016 5757 7845.5
Mar-2016 6137 7960
Apr-2016 5868 7821.5
May-2016 5812 7727
Jun-2016 5768 7722
Jul-2016 6094 7733.5
Aug-2016 5716 7888
Sep-2016 5816 7897
Oct-2016 5626 7657.5
Nov-2016 5867 7491.5
Dec-2016 5835 7506.5
Jan-2017 5607 7458.5
Feb-2017 5872 7243.5
Mar-2017 5816 7086.5
Apr-2017 6142 7072
May-2017 5851 6996
Jun-2017 6351 6900
Jul-2017 6354 6982
Aug-2017 6335 6969
Sep-2017 6239 6720
Oct-2017 6383 6648
Nov-2017 6204 6629
Dec-2017 6235 6571.5
Jan-2018 6645 6611.5
Feb-2018 6575 6567
Mar-2018 6865 6455.5
Apr-2018 6985 6313.5
May-2018 7028 6364
Jun-2018 7280 6349.5
Jul-2018 7326 6173.5
Aug-2018 7249 6106
Sep-2018 7282 6084
Oct-2018 7237 6078.5
Nov-2018 7509 6160
Dec-2018 7303 6401
Jan-2019 7520 6348.5
Feb-2019 7048 6187.5
Mar-2019 7364 6022
Apr-2019 7284 5894
May-2019 7300 5961.5
Jun-2019 7185 6006
Jul-2019 7236 6013
Aug-2019 7166 5876
Sep-2019 7046 5805
Oct-2019 7309 5834
Nov-2019 6793 5782
Dec-2019 6552 5822.5
Jan-2020 7012 5839.5
Feb-2020 7004 6463.5
Mar-2020 6011 15109
Apr-2020 4996 22031.5
May-2020 5371 19367.5
Jun-2020 6001 17044
Jul-2020 6618 14944
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions. Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month in the Current Population Survey to better line up with the job openings data from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Population Survey.?Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month to better line up with the job openings data.

Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website.

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